2016年6月英语四级翻译预测汇总~

作者:Crystal发表时间:2016-06-03浏览:2874
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一说到四级翻译,许多童鞋就如“谈虎色变”,面露难色,深锁眉头。诚然,与听力,阅读,写作相比确实有着特殊的地方。因为,其他项目只需要提升英语水平即可。而翻译,不仅需要扎实的英语基础,更需要深厚的中文功底。

但其实四级翻译,并没有想象中的那样复杂,仅需7种方法即可攻略咯!


2016年6月大学英语四级翻译养成法则盘点

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2016年6月英语四级翻译养成法1:增词法

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2016年6月英语四级翻译养成法2:减词法

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2016年6月英语四级翻译养成法3:词类转换

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2016年6月英语四级翻译养成法4:语态转换

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2016年6月英语四级翻译养成法5:语序变换

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2016年6月英语四级翻译养成法6:分译与合译

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2016年6月英语四级翻译养成法7:正反表达翻译

翻译评分标准:

  本题满分为15分,成绩分为六个档次:13-15分、10-12分、7-9分、4-6分、1-3分和0分。各档次的评分标准见下表:

  距离2016年6月18日的英语四级考试越来越近,为大家整理了英语四级翻译预测汇总,希望对各位有帮助!

  预测一、中国城市化

  原文:中国城市化(urbanization)将会充分释放潜在内需(domestic demand)。一些经济学家指出,在中国几乎所有的发展中城市都面临 着城市化的进程。这使得许多人的生活水平有所提高,也为人们提 供更多的就业机会。随着越来越多的人向城市迁徙,住房及城市基础设施建设(infrastructure construction),包括水源等能源的供应将会 成为城市发展的焦点问题。商品与服务的自由、快速流通是城市化 社会的一项基本特征。逐渐扩张的城市需要更多的零售店来满足消费者的需求。

  参考译文:Urbanization

  China’s urbanization will release the full potential of domestic demand. Some economists point out that urbanization is a process that is occurring in nearly every developing city in the country. It will lead to a better quality of life for many people,and provide individuals with more job opportunities. The construction of housing and city infrastructure, in?cluding water and energy supplies, will be a focal point of urban develop?ment as more people migrate to cities. Urbanization means better access to educational and medical resources in the city. But it also predicts less use of personal vehicles and more use of public transportation. The fast, free flow of goods and services is a basic trait of an urbanized society. Ex-panding cities require more retail outlets to serve customers.

  预测二、全球变暖

  原文:目前,全球变暖是一个热门话题,但是有关全球变暖的各项证据似乎还有些不同的声音。人们现在已经知道,地球的发展经历了很多周期(cycle),尽管在历史上还未出现过像今天这样的时代,即高度工业化(industrialization)产生如此多的污染。全球变暖主要是由于二氧化碳气体(carbon dioxide)的增多。

  参考译文:Global warming

  Global warming is the hot topic around the world at this time but, there is also dissention about the evidence being presented to support the argument. The earth is known to go through cycles; although the past has never produced an age of so much industrialization causing the pollution currently being experienced. A major source of the problem is the increase in carbon dioxide levels.

  预测三:公平教育

  原文:为了促进教育公平,中国已经投入360亿元,用于改善农村地区教育设施和加强中西部地区农村义务教育。这些资金用于改善教学设施、购买书籍,使16万多所中小学收益。资金还用于购置音乐和绘画器材。现在农村和山区的儿童可以与沿海城市的儿童一样上音乐和绘画课。一些为接受更好教育而转往城市上学的学生如今又回到了本地农村学校就读。

  参考译文:Equity in education

  In order to promote equity in education, China has invested 36 billion yuan for the improvement of educational facilities in rural areas and strengthening of rural compulsory education Midwest. These funds were used to improve the teaching facilities, purchase of books, so that more than 160,000 primary and secondary income. Funds are also used to purchase music and painting equipment. Now children in rural and mountainous areas with children’s coastal cities like music and painting lessons. Some receive a better education for the city school students now transferred back to the local rural schools now.

  预测四:新法规

  原文:这周颁布的一项新法律要求子女必须经常探望年龄超过60岁的父母,并确保他们经济和精神上的需求得到满足。星期二,新华社报导了_条新闻,来自江苏市无锡市的一位77岁的老太太起诉她的女儿忽略她。这是新法律生效后的第一起案件,当地法院规定她的女儿至少每月探望母亲两次,并提供财力支持。但是这项法律引发了争议。有人说这给了那些因为工作、学习或者其他原因搬离家乡的人更多压力。

  参考译文:A New National Law

  A new national law introduced this week requires the offspring of parents older than 60 to visit their parents “frequently”and make sure their financial and spiritual needs are met. On Tuesday, Xinhua reported a news that a 77-year-old woman from Jiangsu city of Wuxi sued her daughter for neglecting her. In the first case after the new law came into effect, the local court ruled that her daughter must visit her at least twice a month and provide financial support. But the law’s introduction has proved controversial. Some say it puts too much pressure on those who move away from home for work, study or other opportunities.

  预测五:整容

  原文:对于一名女子来说,传统美是她的唯一标志。她的皮肤应该天生丽质,没有皱纹,没有疤痕,没有瑕疵。她的身材应该消瘦苗条,通常高挑个,双腿修长,其中青春年少则是首要条件。所有在电视广告中出现的“花容月貌”的靓女都符合这个标准。这种形象是人为的,是可以人工塑造的。许多妇女尽其所能来摆布和修改自己的容貌体态。

  参考译文:Plastic Surgery

  To a woman,the traditional beauty is her only mark.Her skin should be born smooth without wrinkles,scars or flaws.Her body should be slim and thin,and usually she is tall,having long legs.The youth is the primary condition.All of the beauties who have showed up in the TV commercials are fit for that criterion.This image is artificial and can be made by people.Many women do their best to decorate and modify their looks and figures.

  预测六:空巢老人

  原文:通常情况下,“空巢老人(emptynester)”是指子女离家后的中老年人。如今,随着社会老龄化程度的加深,空巢老人越来越多,已经成为~个不容忽视的社会问题(social issue)。同时它也导致了另一个问题——家庭空巢综合征(syndrome)的产生,是指当子女由于工作、学习、结婚等原因而离家后,独守空巢的中老年人因此而产生的心理失调症状。

  参考译文:The Emptynester

  Typically, "empty nester" refers to the middle-aged and elderly people whose children have left home.Nowadays, along with the advance of aging of the society, there are more and more empty nesters, which have become a social issue that cannot be ignored.At the same time, it also leads another problem--empty nest syndrome--a psychological disorder the middle-aged and elderly people suffered, which is caused by the absence of their children who move out of home due to work, study, marriage and so on.

  预测七:图书

  原文:尽管图书的种类多种多样,但从本质上说,它们都可以被分为 两大类,即纪实题材(fact)与小说题材。有时二者之间很难辨别,因为许多小说都是围绕着(mixed)现实事件和真实人物来进行创作的。 纪实题材的书籍包括:历史书,教科书,旅行手记,手册指南(manual) 和自传(autobiography)等。

  参考译文:Books

  There are many, many different types of books but, essentially, fliey come in two categories, fact or fiction. Sometimes it is hard to distinguish between the two, because some fiction stories are mixed around true event and refer to real life people. The types of books that are included in the factual category are history books, text books, travel books, manuals and autobiographies.

  预测八:论语

  原文:《论语》(The Analects of Confucius)是儒家的经典著作之一,它是对孔子及其弟子(disciple)的言行和对话的记录。众所周知,孔子是一位伟大的思想家和哲学家,他的思想被发展成了的儒家哲学体系。《论语》是儒家思想的代表作,数个世纪以来,《论语》一直极大地影响着中国人的哲学观和道德观,它也影响着其他亚洲国家人民的哲学观和道德观。

  参考译文:The Analects of Confucius

  The Analects of Confucius is one of the Confucius classics and is a record of the words and acts of Confucius and his disciples, as well as the conversations they held.It’s well-known that Confucius is agreat ideologist and philosopher, and his thoughts have been developed into a system of philosophy known as Confucianism.The Analects of Confucius is a representative work of Confucianism.For centuries, it has been heavily influencing the philosophy and moral outlook of Chinese people and that of the people of other Asian countries as well.

  预测九:八大菜系

  原文:中国一个幅员辽阔、资源丰富、历史悠久的多民族国家,每个民族都有其独特的丰富菜肴。地域菜系在地理环境、气候、文化传统、民族风俗和其他因素的影响下经过悠久历史的发展已经成形。最有影响力、最具代表性的是鲁、川、粵、闽、苏、浙、湘、徽菜系,这八种被人们称为“八大菜系”。中国的“八大菜系”是以多种多样的烹饪方法区分的,各有其长处。

  参考译文:Eight Major Cuisines

  China is a time-honored multi-ethnics nation with a vast territory and abundant resources, and every ethnic group has its unique abundant dishes. Regional cuisines have taken shape after long-history evolution under the influence of geographical environment, climate, cultural tradition, folk customs and other factors. The most influential and representative ones are Lu, Chuan,Yue, Min, Su,Zhe, Xiang and Hui Cuisines, which are commonly known as “Eight Major Cuisines”. Dishes in the “Eight Major Cuisines”in China are characterized by diversified cooking skills, with each having its strong points.

  预测十:音乐

  原文:尽管音乐对每个人来说,都再熟悉不过了,但是几乎每个人对 这门艺术都有自己的观点看法。什么音乐算是好的音乐,这是见仁 见智的。各个音乐风格都有自己的经典音乐作品流行的并不完全等 于经典的。一个好的音乐作品,是创作者(creator)和演奏者(performer) 双方共同努力的结果,二者相辅相成,缺一不可。

  参考译文:Music

  While music is familiar to virtually everyone it is an art, about which everyone has an opinion. What defines “great”music is, very much, a personal issue. There is “great”music in every style but what is popular does not always define the quality. Music is a joint effort between the creator and the performer and one cannot exist without the other.

 

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