With/Without 引导的独立主格

作者:Neil发表时间:2016-07-05浏览:2335
分享到 :

  独立主格,首先它是一个“格”,而不是一个“句子”,在英语中任何一个句子都要有主谓结构,而在这个结构中,没有真正的主语和谓语动词,但又在逻辑上构成主谓或主表关系。

  With/without 引导的独立主格结构

  介词with/without +宾语+宾语的补足语可以构成独立主格结构,上面讨论过的独立主格结构的几种情况在此结构中都能体现。


  1. with+名词代词+形容词

  He doesn’t like to sleep with the windows open.

  他不喜欢开着窗子睡觉。

  = He doesn’t like to sleep when the windows are open.

  He stood in the rain, with his clothes wet.

  他站在雨中,衣服湿透了。

  = He stood in the rain, and his clothes were wet.

  【注意】:

  在“with+名词代词+形容词”构成的独立主格结构中,也可用已形容词化的-ing形式或-ed形式。

  With his son so disappointing,the old man felt unhappy.

  由于儿子如此令人失望,老人感到很不快乐。

  With his father well-known, the boy didn’t want to study.

  父亲如此出名,儿子不想读书。


  2. with+名词代词+副词

  Our school looks even more beautiful with all the lights on.

  所有的灯都打开时,我们的学校看上去更美。

  = Our school looks even more beautiful when all the lights are on.

  The boy was walking, with his father ahead.

  父亲在前,小孩在后走着。

  = The boy was walking and his father was ahead.


  3. with+名词代词+介词短语

  He stood at the door, with a computer in his hand. 或

  He stood at the door, computer in hand.

  他站在门口,手里拿着一部电脑。

  = He stood at the door, and a computer was in his hand.

  Vincent sat at the desk, with a pen in his mouth. 或

  Vincent sat at the desk, pen in mouth.

  文森特坐在课桌前,嘴里衔着一支笔。

  = Vincent sat at the desk, and he had a pen in his mouth.

  4. with+名词代词+动词的-ed形式

  With his homework done, Peter went out to play.

  作业做好了,彼得出去玩了。

  = When his homework was done, Peter went out to play.

  With the signal given, the train started.

  信号发出了,火车开始起动了。

  = After the signal was given, the train started.

  I wouldn’t dare go home without the job finished.

  工作还没完成,我不敢回家。

  = I wouldn’t dare go home because the job was not finished.


  5. with+名词代词+动词的-ing形式

  The man felt very happy with so many children sitting around him.

  有这么多的孩子坐在他周围,那男子感到很高兴。

  = The man felt very happy when he found so many children sitting around him.

  The girl hid her box without anyone knowing where it was.

  小女孩把盒子藏了起来,没有人知道它在哪里。

  = The girl hid her box and no one knew where it was.

  Without anyone noticing, he slipped through the window. 他趁没人注意的时候,从窗口溜走了。

  = When no one was noticing, he slipped through the window.


  6. with+名词代词+动词不定式

  The little boy looks sad, with so much homework to do.

  有这么多的家庭作业要做,小男孩看上去很不开心。

  = The little boy looks sad because he has so much homework to do.

  The kid feels excited with so many places of interest to visit.

  有这么多的名胜可参观,小孩很激动。

  The kid feels excited as there are so many places of interest to visit.

  【提示】:

  在with/without 的复合结构中,多数情况下with 能省略,但without 不能省略。

  Without a word more spoken, she left the meeting room.

  她没再说什么话就离开了会议室。(without不能省略)


  很多人问我为什么不分享全套的语法知识、词汇解析等资料,我想问一句:我发了你们就有耐心看下去吗?...英语学习不是一蹴而就的,经常学一些自己所需要的知识就好,关键在于坚持,慢慢的你会发现,每天在线学英语,效果比你“逼着自己学习”要好得多!

分享到 :


立即领取免费体验课