辨析:90%的学生都没掌握的100组英语词汇

作者:Crystal发表时间:2016-09-24浏览:2546
分享到 :

在考考备考还是四六级备考阶段,一些易混易错总是考生复习的难题。因此,给大家准备了100组考试常考,考生容易发生混肴的英语词汇!

 1. clothes, cloth, clothing 

  clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of 

  2. amount, number 

  amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词 a number of students 

  3. sound, voice, noise 

  sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside. 

  4. cause, reason 

  cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late 

  5. exercise, exercises, practice 

  exercise运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises练习(可数),practice(反复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect. 

  6. officer, official 

  officer部队的军官,official政府官员 an army officer 

  7. work, job 

  二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 a good job 

  8. cook, cooker 

  cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook. 

  9. problem, question 

  problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用 

  10. a number of, the number of 

  a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing. 

  11. chick, chicken 

  二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious. 

  12. trip, journey, travel, voyage 

  travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行 a three-day trip 

  13. in front of, in the front of 

  in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy. 

  14. three of us, the three of us 

  three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema. 

  15. by bus, on the bus 

  by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围 They went there by bus. 

  16. for a moment, for the moment 

  for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed. 

  17. in a word, in words 

  in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right. 

  18. in place of, in the place of 

  in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one. 

  19. go to sea, by sea, by the sea 

  go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea 

  20. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher 

  the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is 

  21. in office, in the office 

  in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office. 

  22. in charge of, in the charge of 

  in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her. 

  23. out of question, out of the question 

  out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的 

  24. a second, the second 

  a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize. 

  25. by day, by the day 

  by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day. 

  26. it, one 

  it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one. 

  27. none, nothing, no one 

  none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None. 

  28. other, another 

  other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student 

  29. not a little, not a bit 

  not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。 

  30. many, much, a lot of 

  many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books. 

  31. no, not 

  no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water 

  32. no more than, not more than 

  no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过 

  33. tall, high 

  tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall. 

  34. fast, quickly 

  fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly 

  35. high, highly 

  high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of 

  36. sleeping, asleep, sleepy 

  sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy. 

  37. respectful, respectable 

  respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged 

  38. pleasant, pleased, pleasing 

  pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing. 

  39. close, closely 

  close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close 

  40. ill, sick 

  ill做表语,sick定,表均可 a sick boy 

  41. good, well 

  good形容词,well副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again. 

  42. hard, hardly 

  hard努力,hardly几乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it. 

  43. late, lately 

  late迟,晚,lately最近,近来 I haven't seen him lately. 

  44. living, alive, live, lively 

  living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能做定语,lively意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive 

  45. excited, exciting 

  excited使人兴奋的,exciting令人兴奋的 I'm excited. The news is exciting. 

  46. deep, deeply 

  deep具体的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep 

  47. before long, long before 

  before long不久以后,long before很久以前 not long before = before long 

  48. instead, instead of 

  instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film. 

  49. too much, much too 

  

分享到 :


立即领取免费体验课