《外科风云》再起:来学学医学用语以备不时之需

作者:Crystal发表时间:2017-05-04浏览:1772
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虽然前有《人民的名义》后有《择天记》,但电视剧《外科风云》依旧挺火的。虽然很多吃瓜群众都质疑戏中关于医学常识的真实性,染色一些地道的医学英语我们还是要掌握的!


一、医生职位


a surgical resident 外科住院医生

The seven years you spend here as a surgical resident will be the best and worst of your life.

以后的七年你们将在这里做外科住院医生,这将是你们一生中最美妙的也是最痛苦的七年。


specialty 专科

Eight of you will switch to an easier specialty.

你们其中的八位会转到更容易的专科。


surgeon 外科医生

I imagine that an able surgeon, in spite of the painful circumstances in which his work is done, derivessatisfaction from the exquisite precision of his operations.

我想像尽管一个能干的外科医生工作时处在令人痛苦的气氛中,他还是能从精湛的手术中得到满足。


attending 主治医生

You’re an attending and I’m your intern.

你是主治医生,而我是你的实习生。

the Chief of XX科主任


其他医生

内科医生 physician

儿科医生 pediatrician 儿科牙医 pediatric dentist

眼科医生 oculist; eye-doctor

牙科医生 dentist; dental surgeon

皮肤科医生 dermatologist


二、常见科室部门

medical department 内科

surgical department 外科

anesthesiology department 麻醉科

cardiology department 心脏病科

dental department 牙科

dermatology department, skin department 皮肤科

neurology department 神经科

in-patient department 住院部

nursing department 护理部

consulting room 诊室

waiting room 候诊室

admitting office 住院处

emergency room 急诊室

operation room, operation theatre 手术室

laboratory 化验室

blood bank 血库

pharmacy, dispensary 药房

ward 病房

medical ward 内科病房

surgical ward 外科病房

maternity ward 产科病房

isolation ward 隔离病房

observation ward 观察室


三、常见缩写

MRI:Magnetic Resonance Imaging 核磁共振

Look, an MRI wouldn’t hurt. 做个核磁共振又没啥。

ICU:Intensive Care Unit 重症病房

O.R.:Operating room手术室

B.P.: Blood pressure 血压

The B.P. was elevated. 血压也在升高

CPR: cardio-pulmonary resuscitation 心肺复苏

I.V.:intravenous injection 静脉注射

ICP:intracranial pressure 颅内压

2243's ICPs are coming down. 2243号病人颅内压降下来了。


四、灵活表达

mental status 精神状态

How's his mental status? 他的精神状态如何

- It'sspotty. 时好时坏。

- He'sawake. 意识清醒。

- He'snot making much sense. 表达不清。

- Max hasregained consciousness. 麦克斯已经恢复意识了。

恶化 get worse/deteriorate/escalate

he got better and he suddenlydeteriorated.他好起来了但又突然恶化了。

Definitelygetting worse. 病情绝对是恶化了。

My patient's condition hasescalated. 病人情况一再恶化。


掌握这些也能以备不时之需吧!

在当今时代,要想接触这个世界上最广阔的知识和文化,除了用英语真的没有其他办法。英语在手,走遍无障碍!现在报名洛基英语培训班,领取免费试听机会哦!~

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