盘点学习英语的11大好处,你是出于哪种目的才学英语的?

作者:chenhan发表时间:2018-11-16浏览:760
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  在学英语的过程中或者开始学习之前,你可能听说过各种关于学习英语的好处和原因,诸如“英语很重要,将来一定用的到”“现在都在学你怎么能不学”“学英语可以让你未来有更多选择”……

  但是这些往往听起很笼统,那么到底多掌握一门语言会有哪些具体好处呢,下面整理的11个学习外语的好处,在学习过程中你已经发现几个了?


  1、You become smarter

  变得更聪明

  Speaking a foreign language improves the functionality of your brain bychallenging it to recognise, negotiate meaning, and communicate indifferent language systems. This skill boosts your ability tonegotiate meaning in other problem-solving tasks as well.

  讲外语会迫使你的大脑去识别、调整语义,并且在不同的语言系统中交流,以此提升大脑的功能。此技能也会帮助你在解决其他问题时懂得调整。


  2、You build multitasking skills

  拥有同时执行多项任务的技能

  According toa study from the Pennsylvania State University, this “juggling”skill makes them good multitaskers, because they can easily switchbetween different structures. In one study, participants used adriving simulatorwhile doing separate, distracting tasks atthe same time. The research found that people who spoke more thanone language made fewer errors in their driving.

  宾州州立大学的一项研究表明,这种“玩戏法”的技能让他们能够很棒地同时执行多项任务,因为他们可以轻易地在不同架构中转换。在一项研究中,参与者在使用模拟驾驶系统的同时做了其他分散注意力的事情。研究发现能讲多种语言的人在这种驾驶过程中更少出错。


  3、You stave off Alzheimer’sand dementia

  延缓老年痴呆或者其他痴呆症

  Several studies have been conducted on this topic, and the resultsare consistent. Formonolingual adults, the mean age forthe first signs of dementia is 71.4. For adults whospeak two or more languages, the mean age for those first signs is75.5. Studies considered factors such as education level, incomelevel, gender, and physical health, but the results were consistent.

  针对这一话题开展过多项研究,结果是一致的。对于只讲一种语言的成人,初现痴呆症状的平均年龄是71.4。对于能讲两种或者以上语言的成人,平均年龄为75.5。这些研究考虑了诸如教育、收入、性别和身体健康等多方面的因素,但结果都是一致的。


  4、Your memory improves

  提高记忆力

  Educators often liken the brain to a muscle, becauseit functions better with exercise. Learning a language involvesmemorising rules and vocabulary, which helps strengthen that mental“muscle。” This exercise improves overall memory, which means thatmultiple language speakers are better at remembering lists orsequences. Studies show that bilinguals are better at retaining shopping lists, names, and directions.

  大脑越用越灵活,所以教育者通常将大脑比作肌肉。学习一门语言需要记忆规则和词汇,这些有助于锻炼你的认知“肌肉”。这样的锻炼会全面提升你的记忆力,这意味着能讲多种语言的人更擅长于记忆列表或者次序。研究显示,双语学习者更擅长记住购物清单、人名和方位。


  5、You become more perceptive

  更能明察事理

  A study from Spain’s University of Pompeu Fabra revealed that multilingual people are better atobserving their surroundings. They aremore adept at focusing on relevant information and editing out the irrelevant. They’re also better atspotting misleading information. Is it any surprise that SherlockHolmes and Hercule Poirot are skilledpolyglots?

  来自西班牙庞培法布拉大学的一项研究揭示:讲多种语言的人更会观察他们周围的环境。他们更擅长于集中注意力在相关信息上,同时排除无关干扰,他们也更擅长于找出迷惑性信息。名侦探夏洛克·福尔摩斯和赫尔克里·波洛都通晓多种语言,你还觉得惊奇么?


  6、Your decision-making skills improve

  更会做决定

  According to a study from the University of Chicago, bilingualstend to make more rational decisions. Any languagecontains nuance and subtle implications in itsvocabulary, and these biases can subconsciously influence your judgment. Bilinguals are more confident with their choices after thinking it over in the second language and seeing whether their initial conclusions still stand up.

  据来自芝加哥大学的一项研究,能讲两种语言的人倾向于做出更理性的决定。任何语言的词汇都包含细微的差别和微妙的暗示,而这些偏差会潜意识地影响你的判断。能讲多种语言的人会用第二语言考虑自己最初的结论是否成立,之后他们会对自己的决定更加自信。


  7、You improve your English

  你的母语也会更棒

  Learning a foreign language draws your focus to the mechanics oflanguage: grammar, conjugations, and sentence structure. This makesyou more aware of language, and the ways it can be structured and manipulated. These skills can make you a more effective communicator and a sharper editor and writer. Language speakersalso develop a better ear for listening, since they’re skilled atdistinguishing meaning from discreet sounds.

  学习外语会将你的注意力集中在语言结构本身:语法,词形变化和句子结构。这会增强你的语言意识,以及组织和操纵语言的能力。这些技能会让你成为一个更有效的沟通者,更犀利的编辑和作家。语言学习者在这一过程中也成为更好的倾听者,因为他们擅长于通过严谨的发言来区别不同的意思。


  8、You Become Better At Building Relationships With Others.

  你更善于与他人建立关系

  Susan Ervin-Tripp from the University of California noted in her report, “When we are in situations demanding a change in language, we may have a strong sense of a shift in values and feelings. Some bilinguals even report they have two personalities.” Indeed, a lot of bilinguals admit they feel like having two different personalities for operating one or another language.

  加利福尼亚大学的苏珊在她的报告中指出:“当我们在一定情况下要求改变语言,我们可能有一个强烈的价值观和情感的转变。甚至有一些双语掌握者承认他们有双重人格。”的确,很多双语者承认他们感觉在使用两种不同的语言时,他们的人格也是有差别的。

  Actually, that’s agreat thing, as the ability to switch between different languages improves your ability to understand others, be more empathetic, and communicate better; therefore, drastically improving your relationships with others.

  实际上,这是一件很棒的事情,不同的语言之间切换的能力可以提高理解别人的能力,更善解人意和更好地交流。因此,能大大改善你与他人的关系。


  9、You Have More Career Prospects.

  你有更多的职业前景

  Having more than one language in your resume can drastically improve your chances of getting hired.

  在你的简历中写出掌握超过一种语言可以大大提高你的被雇佣的机会。


  10、You Seem To Appear More Attractive.

  你更有吸引力

  There’s something special about your friend who’s capable of switching between languages, right? Well, a recent international survey has just confirmed that bilingual people tend to appear more attractive compared to monolinguals. Over 79% of survey respondents from around the globe agreed that a person speaking a second language instantly seems more appealing.

  你那些可以熟练切换两种语言的朋友似乎有一些特别的地方,对吗?最近的一项国际调查刚刚证实,掌握双语的人相比只掌握一种语言的人显得更有吸引力。来自世界各地的超过79%的受访者同意,一个可以立即切换到第二种语言的人似乎更有吸引力。


  11、You Become a Better Traveler.

  你变成一个更好的旅行者

  One of the biggest differences between a traveler and a mere tourist is that the first one is capable of making genuine connections with the locals and getting to know the culture deeper, while the second one simply enjoys a quick and superficial familiarity. Speaking the local language, at least just a few words, will open more doors to you and will help you connect to the locals on a new level.

  旅行者和旅游最大的一个区别仅仅是前者能真正的接触当地人并更深层次地了解文化,而后者只是快速和肤浅的享受。说当地语言,至少几句话,将打开更多的门,将帮助您与当地人建立更深的了解。


     知道了英语学习好处之后,就赶紧来洛基英语口语培训学习吧

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