TED | 每个孩子都是冠军!

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  I have spent my entire life either at the schoolhouse, on the way to the schoolhouse, or talking about what happens in the schoolhouse.


  Both my parents were educators, my maternal grandparents were educators, and for the past 40 years, I’ve done the same thing.And so, needless to say, over those years I’ve had a chance to look at education reform from a lot of perspectives. Some of those reforms have been good.Some of them have been not so good. And we know why kids drop out. We know why kids don’t learn. It’s either poverty, low attendance, negative peer influences…We know why. But one of the things that we never discuss or we rarely discuss is the value and importance of human connection. Relationships.


  James Comer says that no significant learning can occur without a significant relationship.George Washington Carver says all learning is understanding relationships.Everyone in this room has been affected by a teacher or an adult.For years, I have watched people teach. I have looked at the best and I’ve looked at some of the worst.

  James Comer(美国著名儿童精神科医师)说过没有强有力的联系,学习就不会有显著的进步。George Washington Carver(美国著名教育学家)说过学习就是理解各种关系。在座的各位都曾经被一位老师或者一个成年人影响过。这么多年,我都在看人们怎么教学。我看过最好的也看过最差的。

  A colleague said to me one time, "They don’t pay me to like the kids. They pay me to teach a lesson.The kids should learn it. I should teach it, they should learn it, Case closed.”


  Well, I said to her, “You know, kids don’t learn from people they don’t like.”(Applause and Laughter)


  She said, “That’s just a bunch of hooey.”


  And I said to her, “Well, your year is going to be long and arduous, dear.”


  Needless to say, it was. Some people think that you can either have it in you to build a relationship, or you don’t.I think Stephen Covey had the right idea. He said you ought to just throw in a few simple things, like seeking first to understand, as opposed to being understood. Simple things, like apologizing. You ever thought about that? Tell a kid you’re sorry, they’re in shock.

  事实也果真如此。有些人认为一个人或者天生可以建立一种关系或者不具有这种能力。 我认为Stephen Covey(美国教育家)是对的。他说你只需要做一些简单的事情,比如试着首先理解他人而不是想要被理解,比如道歉。你想过吗?跟一个孩子说你很对不起,他们都惊呆了。

  I taught a lesson once on ratios. I’m not real good with math, but I was working on it.


  And I got back and looked at that teacher edition. I’d taught the whole lesson wrong.


  So I came back to class the next day and I said, “Look, guys, I need to apologize. I taught the whole lesson wrong. I’m so sorry.”


  They said, “That’s okay, Ms. Pierson. You were so excited, we just let you go.”


  I have had classes that were so low, so academically deficient, that I cried.I wondered, "How am I going to take this group, in nine months, from where they are to where they need to be? And it was difficult, it was awfully hard.How do I raise the self-esteem of a child and his academic achievement at the same time?


  One year I came up with a bright idea. I told all my students, “You were chosen to be in my class because I am the best teacher and you are the best students, they put us all together so we could show everybody else how to do it.”


  One of the students said, “Really?”


  I said, “Really. We have to show the other classes how to do it, so when we walk down the hall, people will notice us, so you can’t make noise. You just have to strut.”


  And I gave them a saying to say: "I am somebody. I was somebody when I came. I’ll be a better somebody when I leave. I am powerful, and I am strong.I deserve the education that I get here. I have things to do, people to impress, and places to go.”


  And they said, “Yeah!”


  You say it long enough, it starts to be a part of you.


  I gave a quiz, 20 questions. A student missed 18. I put a "+2" on his paper and a big smiley face.


  He said, “Ms. Pierson, is this an F?”


  I said, “Yes.”


  He said, “Then why’d you put a smiley face?”


  I said, “Because you’re on a roll. You got two right. You didn’t miss them all.”


  I said, “And when we review this, won’t you do better?”


  He said, “Yes, ma’am, I can do better.”


  You see, “-18” sucks all the life out of you. “ 2“ said, “I ain’t all bad.”(Applause and Laughter)


  For years, I watched my mother take the time at recess to review, go on home visits in the afternoon, buy combs and brushes and peanut butter and crackers to put in her desk drawer for kids that needed to eat,and a washcloth and some soap for the kids who didn’t smell so good. See, it’s hard to teach kids who stink.


  And kids can be cruel. And so she kept those things in her desk, and years later, after she retired, I watched some of those same kids come through and say to her,“You know, Ms. Walker, you made a difference in my life. You made it work for me. You made me feel like I was somebody, when I knew, at the bottom, I wasn’t. And I want you to just see what I’ve become.”


  And when my mama died two years ago at 92, there were so many former students at her funeral, it brought tears to my eyes,not because she was gone, but because she left a legacy of relationships that could never disappear.


  Can we stand to have more relationships? Absolutely. Will you like all your children? Of course not.


  And you know your toughest kids are never absent.


  Never. You won’t like them all, and the tough ones show up for a reason. It’s the connection. It’s the relationships. And while you won’t like them all, the kids they can never ever know it.So teachers become great actors and great actresses, and we come to work when we don’t feel like it, and we’re listening to policy that doesn’t make sense, and we teach anyway.We teach anyway, because that’s what we do.


  Teaching and learning should bring joy.How powerful would our world be if we had kids who were not afraid to take risks, who were not afraid to think, and who had a champion?Every child deserves a champion, an adult who will never give up on them, who understands the power of connection, and insists that they become the best that they can possibly be.


  Is this job tough? You betcha. Oh God, you betcha. But it is not impossible. We can do this. We’re educators. We’re born to make a difference.


  Thank you so much.


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